The alphabet

 

There are 27 letters in the Spanish alphabet. The groups Ch and LL have not been classified anymore as indipendent letters since 1994, instead you can find them in the letters C and L according to the alphabet order.

 

 

A

(a)

B

(be)

C

(ce)

D

(de)

E

(e)

F

(efe)

G

(ge)

H

(hache)

I

i

J

jota

K

ka

L

ele

M

eme

N

ene

Ñ

eñe

O

o

P

pe

Q

cu

R

erre

S

ese

T

te

U

u

V

uve

W

Uve doble

X

equis

Y

I griega

Z

Zeta

(ceta)

 

 

 

 

Letters

Pronunciation

Example

B, V

Both are pronounced like a soft /b/

Caballo/ chaval

C

ce, ci

/Ө/ like the English th sound.

/s/ in southamerican countries and in the south of Spain.

Cine/ Cena

C

cce, cci

The first c is pronounced like a /k/ and the second one like /Ө/ o /s/ (according to what has been said in the previous case)

Acción/ sección

 

C

ch

/tﻜ/

Mucho/ muchacho

G

ge, gi

/h/ like hen, him

Gente/ gitano

G

güe, güi

/gwe/, /gwi/

Lingüística/ cigüeña

H

The h is always silent

Hotel/ hora

J

as a heavily aspirated /h/ like hotel, him, hen, ham

Viejo/ caja

LL

is usually pronounced like the “y” in “yellow.”

Llanura, llena

Ñ

is pronounced like the “ny” in “canyon” but with a nasal sound

Montaña/ compañía

Q

qui, que

/ki/, /ke/ like kettle, kid

Quinto/ queso

R

a flap of the tongue against the roof of the mouth, or a trill.

Cera/ ruta

Sc

sce, sci

Pronounced separately, first the s /s/, and then the group ce, ci pronounced as described in the second line /Ө/.

Discípulo/ escena

 

X

/s/ before a consonant, /ks/ before a vowel.

 

Experiencia/ éxito

Z

za, zo, zu

/Ө/, like th in thin . /s/ in southamerican countries and in the south of Spain: simple

Zapatos/ azúcar

 

 

<!–[if !supportLists]–>· <!–[endif]–>W is used only in words coming from foreigner countries.

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